The quarrel over succession by two of darius sons, artabazanes and xerxes 2. The internet classics archive the history of herodotus. Of his life we know almost nothing, except that he spent much of it traveling, to collect the material for his writings, and that he finally settled down at thurii, in southern italy, where his great work was composed. He is known for having written the book the histories greek. Perseus was the son of zeus and danae, the daughter of acrisius, king of argos. King xerxes lay encamped in trachis in malis and the hellenes in the pass. Perseus collection herodotus search for documents in search only in herodotus. The earliest writings in prose had been the work of a group of greek intellectuals from the ionian cities of asia minor who, from about 550 b. The history of herodotus by herodotus, part of the internet classics archive. Hdt prefers the greek version, which makes the dorians egyptians and traces their family back only as far as perseus 53.
Here begins book iii of herodotus histories, being the continuation of the narative from book ii. Here begins book vii called polymnia of herodotus histories. She came with five ships and with men from halicarnassus, cos, nisyros, and calydna under her. Formal impeachment procedures are begun, and sparta appeals to the oracle at delphi. Herodotus account of egyptian history and customs, contained in book ii of his long narrative history of the persian wars, is a classic example of the father of history at work.
Greek and roman arabic germanic 19thcentury american renaissance richmond times italian poetry. He has been called the father of history, and was the first historian known to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent and arrange them in a wellconstructed and vivid narrative. The death of darius during the revolt of egypt against persia. These being not of the same mother were at strife with one another, artobazanes contending that he was the eldest of all the sons, and that it was a custom maintained by all men that the eldest should have the rule, and xerxes arguing that he was the son of atossa the daughter of cyrus, and that. Against this amasis then cambyses the son of cyrus was making his march, taking with him not only other nations of which he was ruler, but also hellenes, both ionians and aiolians. His goal no longer is the punishment of athens, but the subjugation of europe.
He was, alongside cadmus and bellerophon, the greatest greek hero and slayer of monsters before the days of heracles. Greek text with facing vocabulary and commentary under a creative commons license this draft was made with great haste and has not be proofread. This place is called thermopylae by most of the hellenes, but by the natives and their neighbors pylae. She was of cariangreek ethnicity by her father lygdamis i, and halfcretan by her mother. Since the release of the film version of michael ondaatjes the english patient, there has been renewed interest in the histories of herodotusthe book the dying patient treasures so much the writings of herodotus are the ground zero of western history. This is a chapterbychapter summary, with occasional notes, of the histories of herodotus, based mostly on the translation by peter greene 1987, with occasional reference to translations by a. The first book of the histories, called clio this is the showing forth of the inquiry of herodotus of halicarnassos, to the end that 1 neither the deeds of men may be forgotten by lapse of time, nor the works 2 great and marvellous, which have been produced some by hellenes and some by barbarians, may lose their renown. He beheaded the gorgon medusa for polydectes and saved andromeda from the sea monster cetus. History historie, inquiry in its broadest context here includes anthropology, natural history and virtually any piece of antiquarian information that appealed to.
It was not till perseus, the son of jove and danae, visited cepheus the son of belus, and, marrying his daughter andromeda, had by her a son called perses whom he left behind him in the country because cepheus had no male offspring, that the nation took from this perses the name of persians. But i will put it off for a bit as there is more out there of interest to me at this time. The histories book 7 by herodotus read online on bookmate. Herodotus prefaces the story by noting that a very wonderful thing is said to have happened, and alleges its veracity by adding that the corinthians and the lesbians agree in. Summary of and commentary on herodotus histories, book 7. At the beginning of the histories, herodotus sets out his reasons for writing it. Instantly he sent off messengers to make proclamation through. In the lifetime of herodotus the writing of history, and indeed of prose of any sort, was still something of a novelty. Herodotus has a wonderful, gossipy style that makes reading these histories more fun than studying the rise of the persian empire and its clash with greecehowever, thats exactly what readers will do in this engaging history, which is full of interesting digressions and asides. Herodotus excerpts from book vii of the histories translated. Summary of and commentary on herodotus histories, book 7, 2015 your bibliography. Being the second book of the famous history of herodotus london.
Darius, before he obtained the kingdom, had had three sons born to him from his former wife, who was a daughter of gobryas. At present it is known as jaffa pronounced yaffa and adjoins tel aviv. Herodotus book 7 commentary beta edition 14 mb pdf aug 2012 rightclick on pc, ctrlclick on mac for option to download directly this link contains a free pdf copy of an unrevised draft of herodotus histories book 7. Suidas medusa there is a story told in hellas that before xerxes set forth on his march against hellas, he sent a herald to argos, who said on his coming so the story goes, men of argos, this. Perseus, wanderings and exodus comparisons joshua and.
Herodotus excerpts from book vii of the histories translated and edited by a. These being not of the same mother were at strife with one another, artobazanes contending that he was the eldest of all the sons, and that it was a custom maintained by all men that the eldest should have the rule, and xerxes arguing that he was the son of atossa the daughter of cyrus, and that cyrus was he who had won for the persians their. Herodotus, the histories, book 1, chapter 1, section 0. Herodotus the great greek historian was born about 484 bce, at halicarnassus in caria, asia minor, when it was subject to the persians. Demaratus, the exking of sparta, supports the claim of xerxes. The internet classics archive the history of herodotus by. A c14 herodotus books 79 summary herodotus books 79. Permission to reprint in nonprofit venues is hereby granted, although. Perseus compared to moses and the danites of jaffa by. Hearing this the men who had been sent by the athenians to consult the oracle were very greatly distressed.
Herodotus, histories book 7 page 61 perseus, the son of danae wanting to establish for himself his own kingdom, despised that of the medes. Talthybios 1 darius xerxes precursor once sent men to demand submission from the athenians and spartans but they killed his men. Godley loeb classical library edition, 4 volumes in greek and english. He travelled widely in most of asia minor, egypt as far as assuan, north africa, syria, the country north of the black sea, and many parts of the aegean sea and the mainland of greece. Sep 02, 20 when perseus son of danae and zeus had come to cepheus son of belus and married his daughter andromeda, a son was born to him whom he called perses, and he left him there. And thou, mardonius, son of gobryas, forbear to speak foolishly concerning the greeks, who are men that ought not to be lightly esteemed by us. E, and his histories chronicle the events of the persian wars, which were within living. For while thou revilest the greeks, thou dost encourage the king to lead his own troops against them. Greek and latin grammars and commentaries are also included. The kings of the dorians they say counting up to perseus, son of danae, and so omitting the god are rightly given in the common greek lists, and rightly considered to have been greeks themselves. The deposed demaratus questions his mother about his birth. It is in part a gripping and much revered tale of colossal confrontation between freedomloving greekspeaking peoples the athenians, spartans, and others and the seemingly unstoppable forces of the persians.
On his arrival, being asked by artaphernes, the sardian satrap, what he thought was the reason that the ionians had rebelled, he made answer that he could not conceive, and it had. Herodotus, histories book 7 page 61 perseus, the son of danae. Erato aristagoras, the author of the ionian revolt, perished in the way which i have described. He has been called the father of history, and was the first historian known to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent and. Hide browse bar your current position in the text is marked in blue. Polymnia now when tidings of the battle that had been fought at marathon reached the ears of king darius, the son of hystaspes, his anger against the athenians, which had been already roused by their attack upon sardis, waxed still fiercer, and he became more than ever eager to lead an army against greece. To read the history herodotus only book is to seek ones roots as a member of western democratic civilization. As legend has it, joppa was founded by japheth, the son of noah, just after the flood and was named for him. Herodotus biography, birth date, birth place and pictures. Disappointed by his lack of luck in having a son, acrisius consulted the oracle at delphi, who warned him that he would one day be killed by his daughters son. When perseus son of danae and zeus had come to cepheus son of belus and married his daughter andromeda, a son was born to him whom he called perses, and he left him there. The history of herodotus macaulaybook vii wikisource. Perseus, athena and head of medusa, apulian redfigure krater c4th b. Herodotus book 2 page 91 the danaans then, were a group whom the greeks thought of, at first, as coming up out of the land of egypt, but about seven generations later these same danaans were coming out of joppa in.
In book one, passages 23 and 24, herodotus relates the story of arion, the renowned harp player, second to no man living at that time, who was saved by a dolphin. I managed to get through volume one and someday may take on volume two. Thus i have traced the descent according to the account given by the hellenes. Online books about this author are available, as is a wikipedia article herodotus. Herodotus claims to have traveled extensively around the ancient world, conducting interviews and collecting stories for his book, almost all of which covers territories of the persian empire.
Artabazanes was the eldest of the first family, and xerxes of the second. Read the histories book 7, by herodotus online on bookmate herodotus was an ancient greek historian who lived in the fifth century bc c. Mar 02, 2012 herodotus, histories book 7 page 61 perseus, the son of danae wanting to establish for himself his own kingdom, despised that of the medes. Herodotus was born at halicarnassus, on the southwest coast of asia minor, in the early part of the fifth century, b. This massive collection includes important greek and latin classics in their original languages. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position. Herodotus 7 beta greek and latin texts with facing. It was not till perseus, the son of jove and danae, visited cepheus the son of belus, and, marrying his daughter andromeda. Meanwhile histiaeus, tyrant of miletus, who had been allowed by darius to leave susa, came down to sardis. Herodotus was an ancient greek historian who lived in the fifth century bc c. A delightful new translation of what is widely considered the first work of history and nonfiction. He was the son of the argive princess danae who was locked away in a bronze chamber by her father akrisios acrisius who lived in fear of a prophecy that he would one day be killed by her son.180 496 1061 261 591 640 1323 571 944 179 974 1548 273 828 277 138 1058 493 790 718 345 961 1216 894 1357 1562 793 1086 179 165 902 995 1395 748 1183 812